Posted on Leave a comment

Signs You’re at Risk for Spider Veins

spider vein

Spider veins are dilated superficial blood vessels that often appear on the surface of the lower extremities or on the face. They are usually caused by damage to the small valves in veins, which causes backflow, increased pressure and venous dilation.

An example of a patient with spider veins is Helen R., a 38-year-old white female with a history of spider veins behind both knees and thighs bilaterally that developed after pregnancy.

Helen had a medical history of deep venous thromboses in both legs at the age of 35. She also had a history of smoking one pack of cigarettes per day for the past 25 years. Helen had gained 40 pounds during her pregnancy.

To treat her spider veins, Helen was placed on a treatment regimen with D’OXYVA,[1]  a transdermal deoxyhemoglobin microcirculation vasodilator. She was given 5-minute applications 5 times per week for 2 weeks, which eliminated all of her spider veins.

How Does D’OXYVA Eliminate Spider Veins?

D’OXYVA works to eliminate spider veins by delivering a mixture of water vapor and pharmaceutical grade CO2 under pressure through the surface of the skin to the microcirculation (the smallest blood vessels in the body), which improves and normalizes circulation and oxygenation.

D’OXYVA also works by balancing the effects of the autonomic nervous system (the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems) to achieve a state of homeostasis.

Major Risk Factors for the Development of Spider Veins

There are a number of risk factors for the development of spider/varicose veins. These include:

  • Gender—Female patients have a much higher risk of developing spider veins[2]than male patients.
  • Genetic history—The majority of patients with spider veins have a close relative with spider veins.
  • Pregnancy—Pregnancy increases the downward pressure on veins in the lower extremities, leading to an increase in spider veins.
  • Weight—Obese patients have an increased body mass index, which puts added strain on the veins of the lower extremities, causing spider veins.
  • Age—With increasing age, the valves in the veins can become weaker, leading to backflow and pooling of blood in the veins, which increases venous pressure and causes spider veins.
  • Birth Control Pills—Patients on birth control pills have a higher risk of developing spider veins than women who are not on birth control pills.
  • Sitting/Standing for Long Periods of Time – Extended periods of sitting or standing without changing positions can lead to pooling of blood in the lower extremities, leading to the development of spider veins.
  • A History of Lower Extremity Blood Clots—Deep venous thromboses (DVTs), which are blood clots in the deep veins of the legs, can lead to damaged valves and resultant spider veins.
  • Hormonal Therapy—Patients on hormone replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms are also at increased risk for developing spider veins.
Ways to Decrease the Risks of Developing Spider Veins

To decrease the risk of developing spider veins,[3] here are some helpful suggestions:

  • Maintain a healthy diet and exercise program to establish a healthy weight.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for more than 30 minutes at a time.
  • Avoid crossing your legs when sitting for long periods of time, as this can decrease circulation.
  • Avoid wearing high heels for long periods of time, as this can reduce blood circulation in the calf muscles.
  • Elevate your feet whenever possible when taking a break from work or extended sitting or standing.

HOW D’OXYVA CAN HELP?

D’OXYVA is the only fully noninvasive, completely painless transdermal (over-the-skin) microcirculatory solution that has been clinically tested to significantly improve microcirculation.

D’OXYVA® (deoxyhemoglobin vasodilator) has eliminated 97%* of all mild to severe so-called spider and varicose veins for both men and women users. Doing so while eliminating associated long-term pain within 2 to 4 weeks** by taking a single 5-minute application 5 times per week.

Posted on Leave a comment

Understanding the Importance of Microcirculation for Patients with Spider Veins and Varicose Veins

Spider veins and varicose veins are not only unsightly and potentially indicative of more serious medical conditions but can also lead to emotional distress and fear when considering treatment options. Many patients who wish to have either their spider or varicose veins removed are concerned with the risks and side effects of surgical or other invasive treatments. Non-invasive effective treatments are now available that do not have the risks of surgery. Read on to learn more about the importance of microcirculation in the treatment of spider and varicose veins.

What is Microcirculation?

Microcirculation refers to the smallest blood vessels in the body which consist of the arterioles, the capillaries and the venules. These tiny blood vessels deliver oxygen to the tissues and remove waste products including C02. Abnormal microcirculation changes can result in severe damage to both the small veins and arteries and is a causative factor in both spider veins and varicose veins. Treatment with transdermal D’OXYVA (deoxyhemoglobin vasodilator) has been found to be successful in treating both varicose veins and spider veins.1

What are Spider Veins?

Spider veins2 also known as telangiectasias, are groups of tiny blood vessels that grow on the skin’s surface.

They are often blue, purple or reddish in nature.

They are frequently seen on the face and legs and have a spiderweb like appearance.

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veinsare abnormal dilation of veins that often occur on the lower extremities.

They are usually purple, blue and abnormally color the skin.

They appear as dilated and bulging vessels that are above the skin’s surface.

What are the Causes of Spider Veins and Varicose Veins?

If the one-way valves in veins that normally prevent blood backflow become damaged or weakened, the blood may struggle to flow in the right direction and will begin to pool inside the blood vessels.

This causes increased pressure in the veins which weaken their walls causing them to dilate resulting in pooling of blood that ultimately results in spider veins and varicose veins.

Comparison between Spider Vein and Varicose Vein Symptoms

Spider veins are usually small, tiny and flat, appearing blue, purple or red and are usually painless.

Varicose veins are larger and deeper than spider veins. They are twisted and have a red or fleshy color.

Varicose veins can cause itching, pain, bleeding, swelling of the legs or ankles and a heavy feeling in the legs.

Spider Vein and Varicose Vein Statistics and Risk Factors

Spider veins and varicose veins are very common with 30% to 60% of adults having either varicose veins or spider veins.4

Statistically, more women are affected with both conditions than men and the risk of both varicose veins and spider veins increases with age.

There are several risk factors that may increase the possibility of getting spider veins or varicose veins.

These include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Pregnancy
  • Hormonal therapy (HT)
  • Prior vein surgery
  • Birth Control Pills
  • Pregnancy
  • Constipation

Prevention of Spider Veins and Varicose Veins

The following provide some useful tips on how to prevent spider veins and varicose veins:

  • Engage in regular exercise:This enables you to reduce pressure on the veins which allows blood to circulate freely.
  • Wear compression socks: Compression stockings help to reduce or prevent the occurrence of spider veins and varicose veins.
  • Avoid tight clothing: It is important to avoid clothes that are very restrictive especially around the waist, legs or pelvic region.
  • Decrease your weight:Losing weight can help to optimize lower extremity blood flow.

Treatment of Spider Veins and Varicose Veins

There are several methods to reduce the occurrence of spider veins and varicose veins in the body. They include the following:

The Use of Support Stockings

Support stockings are one of the more effective ways to reduce the symptoms of spider and varicose veins in the legs since compression improves circulation.

Compression/support stockings come in several different styles and colors.

Regular Exercise

Regular exercise such as daily walking helps alleviate the symptoms of both spider veins and varicose veins.

Ligation Therapy

Ligation therapy involves surgically tying off a varicose vein and removing it.

Sclerotherapy

Sclerotherapy is the process of injecting a chemical into a varicose vein which causes scarring and sclerosing of and then a collapse of the vein.

Radio Frequency Ablation

Radio Frequency Ablation involves using radio waves to cause the walls of veins to heat up and close off.

Treatment with a Deoxyhemoglobin Vasodilator

Transdermal deoxyhemoglobin vasodilators like D’OXYVA have been found to increase the amount of blood flow to areas with low oxygen5 and in addition have been found to be a very effective treatment for both varicose and spider veins.

 

HOW D’OXYVA CAN HELP?

D’OXYVA® (deoxyhemoglobin vasodilator) has eliminated 97%* of all mild to severe so-called spider and varicose veins for both men and women users. Doing so while eliminating associated long-term pain within 2 to 4 weeks** by taking a single 5-minute application 5 times per week.


Get rid of dark spider and varicose veins and significantly reduce downtime and pain for skin irritation and damage you may experience from your exisiting skin treatments. 

Posted on Leave a comment

Venous leg ulcer prevention: Identifying patients who are at risk

Abstract

Ulceration of the lower limbs results in painful and often debilitating leg wounds that can have a profound effect on patients’ physical, social and psychological wellbeing. It is estimated that the UK spends nearly £2bn each year managing lower limb ulceration but NHS England has highlighted that the care patients receive is often sub-optimal and unwarranted variation results in higher costs and longer healing times. Rates of non-healing are both common and costly, which adds to the burden on patients and the healthcare system. The prevalence of leg ulceration is higher in older age groups and, as our population ages, the problem is likely to increase. All nurses have a vital role in identifying patients at risk of ulceration and supporting them to take preventative action to prevent skin breakdown. This article, the first in a three-part series on the prevention of leg ulceration, looks at how nurses can identify at-risk patients.

 

Introduction

Lower-leg ulceration affects around 1.5% of adults in the UK, with 730,000 people having often painful and debilitating leg wounds (Guest et al, 2015). Prevalence is highest among people aged 60-80 years, and increases with age (Farah and Davis, 2010), so the ageing population signals a growing problem.

Approximately 70% of lower-leg ulceration relates to venous disease (Casey, 2004), a debilitating condition affecting millions of people worldwide (O’Donnell et al, 2014). Varicose veins are often a first sign of venous disease and are a predictive factor in developing ulceration (Robertson et al, 2011) (Fig 1). The incidence of varicose veins in the adult population ranges from 10% to 60% worldwide (Selçuk Kapısız et al, 2014), and is estimated at 36% in the UK (Robertson, 2013; Evans et al, 1999).

Conclusion

Compression therapy has an important role to play in the prevention of leg ulceration but a greater emphasis on prevention is needed if the considerable burden of managing leg ulceration is to be reduced. Nurses should actively assess patients’ legs for signs of venous disease and oedema, and undertake opportunistic assessment whenever possible. Ensuring appropriate early intervention will improve patient outcomes and result in significant cost savings to health services.

Key points

*Lower-leg ulceration affects 1.5% of adults in the UK, and an ageing population means the number is likely to grow
*Prevention and management are often sub-optimal, leading to non-healing and a near doubling of patients each year
*Venous leg ulceration is the most severe manifestation of chronic venous disease caused by venous hypertension
*Skin changes are the biggest predictor of ulceration, with lower-limb oedema also being a risk
*Nurses need to spot the early signs of venous leg ulceration and take preventative action, such as using compression therapy

Reference: https://www.nursingtimes.net/clinical-archive/tissue-viability/venous-leg-ulcer-prevention-1-identifying-patients-who-are-at-risk/7029100.article

HOW D’OXYVA CAN HELP?

D’OXYVA® (deoxyhemoglobin vasodilator) has eliminated 97%* of all mild to severe so-called spider and varicose veins for both men and women users. Doing so while eliminating associated long-term pain within 2 to 4 weeks** by taking a single 5-minute application 5 times per week.

The improvement of microcirculation, i.e., blood flow to the smallest blood vessels, benefits one’s health, immune system and overall sense of well-being in a variety of ways.

Posted on Leave a comment

My Neuropathy Story: This Is How My Diabetic Neuropathy Disappeared Forever

“I was first diagnosed with diabetes at a young age,” said Bryan, 50 years old. It was in his early 20s that he started to live with devastating pain in his legs from diabetic neuropathy and had deteriorating muscular degeneration. But today, Bryan can go jogging again, and even his vision is somewhat improving.

 

What happened?

“It’s simple, I started to look at my diet, did more research and found a new solution called D’OXYVA,” said Bryan.

 

Before D’OXYVA

Bryan was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes around 30 years ago. “I couldn’t believe when my doctor told me that my blood sugar levels are high,” he said, although he admitted that other risk factors were obvious, such as being overweight and the fact that diabetes runs in his family.

He ignored his diagnosis and paid little attention to diabetes. He was told to start eating healthy, yet he continued eating what he wanted and didn’t watch his weight.

“A few years ago, I started to feel tingling in my right foot, and it got worse day after day,” said Bryan. Soon, both feet felt numb and he began to feel the pain. It was so painful that he had a hard time taking a step.

At a routine checkup, his doctor wasn’t very happy with him ignoring his diabetes. His doctor told him that his blood glucose was dangerously erratic. From that time on, he became meticulous with managing his diabetes. He started using an insulin pump and other expensive technologies that he thought could help him. But despite all his efforts, Bryan’s health continued to decline, and the pain became more devastating. Despite his eye doctor’s best efforts, Bryan’s macular degeneration was not improving.

 

A solution called D’OXYVA

Bryan decided to do some research on his own. He remembered a patient he was sitting beside in the clinic talking about a product he had had success with. The product was called D’OXYVA.

From his research, he found out that microcirculatory dysfunction renders the diabetic foot unable to mount a vasodilatory response under conditions of stress, such as injury, and makes it functionally ischemic, even in the presence of satisfactory blood flow under normal conditions. Therefore, improving microcirculation to his feet would help with pain management and avoid further nerve damage.

 

D’OXYVA is noninvasive and uses an FDA-approved pharmaceutical-grade CO2. Additionally, it is a clinically validated blood flow and nerve stimulant for people suffering from neuropathy. In various clinical trials, D’OXYVA has been validated and demonstrated above-average results in improving a host of physiological functions at the same time.

 

It’s never too late to start a new journey

“I started off with their pro health set, and strictly followed twice a day D’OXYVA therapy as advised by their therapy expert after requesting for a customized treatment plan. They were very accommodating and professional. After 6 weeks, not only did the product help ease the pain, it got rid of the numbness. Plus, it didn’t cause side effects. My eye doctor also said he sees improvement in my vision,” said Bryan.

Now, Bryan and his wife are both in continuous D’OXYVA therapy as they found out that D’OXYVA, due to its microcirculatory enhancement capability, can help her with her varicose veins.

“I can’t wait to see how I will improve more after a few more months of using D’OXYVA,” Bryan said. He feels a new sense of vitality. He is now back on his feet, living free from the pain of diabetic neuropathy, and has better control of his blood sugar than he has ever had. He and his wife are looking forward to enjoying an active retirement full of exciting adventures and activities, including spending more time with their children and grandchildren.

“I see a new life and a new hope out there for you and for everyone who is experiencing the same,” said Bryan.

HOW D’OXYVA CAN HELP?

D’OXYVA® (deoxyhemoglobin vasodilator) is a novel, clinically validated blood flow and nerve stimulant for people suffering from neuropathy. In various clinical trials, D’OXYVA has validated leading independent research results and demonstrated above-average results in improving a host of physiological functions at the same time.

Subjects suffering from high blood sugar have reported neuropathy pain relief minutes after D’OXYVA was administered and long-term blood sugar level improvements in just a few weeks.

Posted on Leave a comment

I started using D’OXYVA for my varicose veins, and here’s what happened in just four weeks

Annie, 35 and a mother to 3 kids, shared her story of how D’OXYVA took away her worries about the pain and appearance of varicose veins and gave her a major confidence boost in just 4 weeks.

Varicose veins have long bothersome on both sides of my family, so I was not surprised when I started to get them a little early in life,” said Annie.

Annie is an active mother and athlete. She began to notice a heaviness and pain in one of her legs long before a single varicose vein began to show up on the back of her thigh and slowly spread down her leg.

“I have always lived a healthy and active lifestyle, running and swimming being my passions, yet I still wasn’t able to escape severe vein disease. By the time I had my third child, it was painful to walk, [and even more] when I tried to continue any physical activities with my kids. The pain was unbearable,” she said.

She described how her legs looked awful, her self-confidence was disappearing, and she couldn’t wear shorts or skirts until a friend told her about D’OXYVA. She did some research and she realized that there was a safe, effective, and innovative alternative way to treat her varicose veins.

“I was a young mom with legs that looked and made me feel as though I was 100. If possible, I didn’t want to undergo any surgical procedures. After going to more than 4 vein centers and having no success using non-invasive procedures, this made me decide to try out D’OXYVA,” Annie said.

At first, she was skeptical, but to her delight, the therapy was quick, easy to use, and 100% painless.

“I requested a customized treatment plan; their customer support was so helpful and advised for me to strictly do D’OXYVA therapy once a day by directly spraying the vapor onto to the vein. I couldn’t believe my eyes; after just one 5-minute therapy session, the appearance significantly improved.”

After 4 weeks of D’OXYVA therapy, Annie is back to running better than ever and can even wear shorts without being embarrassed! She’s back on the playing field cheering on her kids, and she’s back to feeling like herself again.

“I finally have my life back and am almost completely pain free. I have such a great appreciation and admiration for everyone behind this amazing product. I have never been treated so personally and kindly by any other company offering [similar] products I have previously tried. I would recommend D’OXYVA to anyone and everyone suffering from varicose veins! The help is there; it may not be as cheap as the OTC remedies, but it’s worth it!”

HOW D’OXYVA CAN HELP?

D’OXYVA is the only fully noninvasive, completely painless transdermal (over-the-skin) microcirculatory solution that has been clinically tested to significantly improve microcirculation.

The improvement of microcirculation, i.e., blood flow to the smallest blood vessels, benefits one’s health, immune system and overall sense of well-being in a variety of ways.

Posted on Leave a comment

Study of Microcirculation of Patients with Varicose Veins of Lower Limbs

Abstract

Varicose veins of lower limbs have always caused, because of their rate, highest social spendings. Those patients who have trophic disturbances often need surgical treatment even after surgical intervention. This condition becomes worse in Southern Europe countries because of environmental and climatic factors.

INTRODUCTION

Varicose veins of lower limbs have always caused, because of their rate,highest social spendings. Those patients
who have trophic disturbances often need surgical treatment even after surgical intervention. This condition becomes worse in Southern Europe countries because of
environmental and climatic factors.
It is therefore necessary to improve diagnostic methods in order to prevent trophic disturbances.
In order to reach this target, our Institute studies all patients affected by varicose disease not only by doppler
c.w. but also by microcirculatory methods, such as Videocapillaroscopy and Reflected Light Rheography on medial malleolus.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Thirty patients (24 females and 4 males) suffering from varicose veins of lower limbs at 2nd or 3rd stage of Widmer
classification, were studied by Reflected Light Rheography and Videocapillaroscopy on medial malleolus of both legs.
In order to avoid any interference, capillaroscopy was ever made before RLR; in the same way, no drugsduring the
period of study were administered. In the patients with only one affected leg, the other leg gave useful comparison parameters.

RESULTS

In the group of 30 patients the following parameters were evaluated: Venous network, refilling time (TO), venous drain capability (dr), capillaries density and morphology. About rheographic parameters we found TO equal to 12+-3 seconds and dr equal to 100+-50 mV (mean values). In the group of patients at 2nd Widmer stage, TO was equal to 16+-3 seconds and dr was equal to the patients at 3d Widmer stage TO respectively, equal to 8+-2 seconds About capillaroscopic parameters, capillaries density in all subjects; formation” pictures, espectively, (13,3%) patients.

CONCLUSIONS

The study of microcirculation by Capillaroscopy and Rheography, in the patients suffering from varicose veins of lower limbs, was with no doubt useful to demonstrate that any stage of venous disorders causes different microcirculatory alterations. In fact, we found “”halo formation· pictures in patients with more pathological rheographic parameters (TO less than 10 seconds) and nearly all these patients suffered from varicose disease at 3rd stage of Widmer classification. Furthermore, microcirculatory alterations were more evident in patients with trophic disturbances and elder venous disease.

HOW D’OXYVA CAN HELP?

D’OXYVA is the only fully noninvasive, completely painless transdermal (over-the-skin) microcirculatory solution that has been clinically tested to significantly improve microcirculation.

The improvement of microcirculation, i.e., blood flow to the smallest blood vessels, benefits one’s health, immune system and overall sense of well-being in a variety of ways.

Posted on Leave a comment

Did you know when used in a regimen, D`OXYVA users have reported a number of health and beauty benefits?

doxyva benefits

OPTIMIZE BLOOD CIRCULATION FOR A WIDE VARIETY OF SIGNIFICANT OUTCOMES

D’OXYVA® (deoxyhemoglobin vasodilator) in various clinical trials has validated leading independent research results and demonstrated above-average results in improving a host of physiological functions at the same time.

People using D’OXYVA® have recorded significant improvements in cardiovascular activity leading to much improved physical activity. As part of a healthy lifestyle, D’OXYVA may help significantly reduce the risk of high blood pressure, hypertension, cholesterol, and diabetes in just two or three months, with an average use of 5 minutes a day and 5 times a week.

Poor circulation is a gateway for a litany of ailments: slow healing, depression, poor complexion, sores, slow metabolism, and more.

D’OXYVA significantly improves sustained oxygen-rich microcirculatory blood flow locally and throughout the body. Its patented method of fully non-invasive, painless, and harmless transdermal delivery is unique only to D’OXYVA.

When used daily, D’OXYVA users have reported a number of health and beauty benefits, including but not limited to:

  • Relief from symptoms of microvascular complications
  • Significantly increased cardiac function, physical fitness, endurance and strength, muscle size, body tone, faster recovery from sports injuries and surgical trauma
  • Improved self-esteem via promoting healthy and radiant skin, complexion, dry skin relief, and acne reduction
  • Significant reduction in downtime from other skin treatments and cosmetic procedures when used in combination, reduction in the appearance of scars, cellulite, fat, spider veins and stretch marks
  • Promoting and maintaining a healthy weight, improving general mobility, deeper, more restful sleep
  • Significant improvement of mental acuity; concentration, problem solving, multitasking, eye-hand coordination, heightened stamina, energy, and focus while managing stress
  • Improved vitals across the board during checkups with zero adverse event reports after years of regular use by people with various health, demographic, and ethnic backgrounds

HOW D’OXYVA CAN HELP?

D’OXYVA is the only fully noninvasive, completely painless transdermal (over-the-skin) microcirculatory solution that has been clinically tested to significantly improve microcirculation.

The improvement of microcirculation, i.e., blood flow to the smallest blood vessels, benefits one’s health, immune system and overall sense of well-being in a variety of ways.

Posted on Leave a comment

3 Reasons Why Most Wounds Won’t Heal

There are several connected causes for non-healing wounds.

According to figures from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, chronic wounds–injuries that have yet to heal after six weeks–affect some 5.7 American adults. There are many reasons for these non-healing wounds, and understanding each cause is vital to implementing the most effective wound care regimen possible.

 

Here are three of the more frequent explanations for why many wounds just won’t heal:

 

Poor circulation

As Johns Hopkins Medical School pointed out, blood is perhaps the most important component of the entire wound healing process. When an injury occurs, it’s the blood that transports cells to the wound site, which begin rebuilding veins and other important tissue structures.

When you have poor circulation, blood cannot move around as quickly, and as a result, wounds take much longer to begin healing. According to Healthline, there are several medical conditions that cause poor circulation, including varicose veins, obesity and chronic ailments like diabetes, peripheral artery disease and Raynaud’s disease. Fortunately, there are just as many ways to improve circulation, like frequent exercise and elevating wounds or limbs in general.

 

Fluid buildup

According to the Mayo Clinic, edema occurs when fluid leaks from blood vessels, causing these secretions to accumulate in nearby tissue. The result is a large bump or nodule that is painful and sometimes prone to infection. Edema is usually the result of a number of medications, including several drug therapies geared toward diabetes. Edema can also occur due to a reaction to steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs and even estrogen supplements.

Other than being uncomfortable, edema can wreak havoc on the wound-healing process. Due to fluid buildup, the blood vessels and tissue become rigid and immovable, greatly restricting blood flow. This compression cycle can also kill skin patches, which could lead to ulcers.


Infection

As a rule, infections can be quite traumatic to the host. Perhaps the biggest effect–one that might surprise some people–is that infections can all but halt the wound healing process. According to St. Luke’s Clinic, an average infection has a number of methods for preventing healthy tissue regeneration.

For instance, some infections can extend the length of the inflammatory phase, and that can halt the subsequent stages of wound healing. Additionally, there are strains that can interfere with clotting mechanisms, which in turn causes wounds to continue bleeding.

According to a 2010 study from the Journal of Dental Research, the two most damaging strains of bacteria are pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus.

When it comes to handling chronic wounds, patients need advanced wound care products to prevent infection and create a sustainable healing environment; that’s why so many patients turn to Advanced Tissue when they experience most chronic wounds.

As the nation’s leader in the delivery of specialized wound care supplies, Advanced Tissue ships supplies to individuals at home and in long-term care facilities.

 


Reference: https://advancedtissue.com/2016/02/3-reasons-why-most-wounds-wont-heal/

Posted on Leave a comment

10 Things You Should Know About DVT

One of the most important things to talk about in relation to DVT, is varicose veins.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is the result of blood clotting whilst it is still inside the blood vessel. In the majority of cases, painful swelling in the leg will be experienced as a ‘warning sign’ however, this is not always the case and, in some instances, no obvious symptoms will be presented.

In short, a DVT is a clot in the deep vein

Despite the fact that many people could be at risk of developing DVT, there is still much uncertainty as to how to prevent the condition from occurring, and a general lack of awareness around the importance of speaking medical treatment if you think you are suffering from the condition.

Here, to help provide some clarity on the condition, leading vascular specialist Professor Mark Whiteley of The Whiteley Clinic, shares the ten key things everyone should know:

 

DVT CAN OCCUR FOR NO APPARENT REASON

Professor Whiteley says: “Although there are some recognised risk factors for DVT, the condition can also effect people for no apparent reason. If there is a clear reason why DVT has occurred, we call it “provoked” DVT. If there is no known reason for DVT then we call it an “unprovoked” case.

Studies have shown that over 80% of hospital patients will experience a minor DVT. One in 12 people who fly long haul, over 7 hours, will also experience a minor case. However, in most cases these cases will resolve themselves and will not cause the individual any lasting problems. In fact, many people may not even know they’ve had a problem.

However, we must be careful not to trivialise DVT as some individuals will experience much more serious symptoms – such as aching/pain and swelling, clots to the lung (called pulmonary embolism) , and/or scarring of the deep vein with long-term deterioration of the leg post thrombotic syndrome (PTS).”

 

DVT PRESENTS A NUMBER OF SYMPTOMS

Professor Whiteley says: “Although in some cases there will be no symptoms associated with DVT, in others there will be some distinct warning signs. These can include: pain/swelling/tenderness in the leg (usually in the calf), a heavy aching feeling, warm skin around the affected area, or a redness to the skin. If anyone is concerned that they may be experiencing any of these symptoms, and they become breathless or experience chest pain, then they should seek medical attention immediately.”

 

PREGNANCY INCREASES YOUR RISK OF A DVT

Professor Whiteley says: “Pregnancy can increase the risks of DVT, particularly at the time of delivery. A normal adult has approximately 5L of blood. However, pregnant women increase their blood volume to 7L at the end of pregnancy. This is because women lose blood whilst giving birth and so the body produces more to keep at a safe level. Not only do women have extra blood, their body also adapts to clot blood quicker after they have given birth to stop haemorrhages.

Unfortunately, the downside of this is that it increases the risk of DVT. If a woman is pregnant and has varicose veins, then the risk is increased even more so.

 

COMPRESSION STOCKINGS ARE KEY FOR PREVENTION

Professor Whiteley says: “Wear properly measured and fitted graduated compression stockings if you are ever in a position where you cannot move easily such as on a long flight, long car journey, long coach journey etc.

 

VARICOSE VEINS ARE A SERIOUS FACTOR

Professor Whiteley says: “One of the most important things to talk about in relation to DVT, is varicose veins. Varicose veins occur when the flow of blood within a vein changes. Blood can fall backwards down your veins with gravity if the valves are not working properly – stretching the vein walls as a result. With the flow of blood changing, and the vein wall changing, this is serious potential for clots forming in the veins.

When a clot forms in a varicose vein, it is called “phlebitis”. Since 2012, it has been known that everyone with phlebitis should have a duplex scan for the following reason. If the clot is small and in a varicose vein a long way from the deep veins, then it can be treated safely with aspirin and support stockings. However, if it is within 5 cm of a deep vein, there is a risk of it causing a clot on the lung (pulmonary embolism). Of course, having varicose veins treated properly by the new endovenous techniques will stop the risks of phlebitis and any other associated problems.”

 

POOR LIFESTYLE CAN INCREASE YOUR RISK

Professor Whiteley says: “Other known factors for developing DVT are malignancy, immobility, major surgery, dehydration, smoking (particularly if combined with oral contraceptive pill) and a family history of getting DVTs (called thrombophilia).”

 

A SLOW BLOOD FLOW IS CRITICAL

Professor Whiteley says: “In short, a DVT is a clot in the deep vein. Clots form because of one or more of three main reasons – changes in the composition of the blood, changes in the flow of blood, or changes in the vein wall. Any one of these, or combination of these, can increase the risk of a deep vein thrombosis.”

 

DVT CAN BE FATAL

Professor Whiteley says: “Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a diagnosis that will cause huge concern for many patients. However, as with many medical conditions, DVT can affect people in different ways. DVTs can be tiny, and of no significance, or can be huge and can be life threatening. Of course between these two extremes, there is also a whole scale. A duplex ultrasound scan will be able to diagnose a DVT and also assess how severe it is.

The risks associated with DVT are reduced both in the short term (clots to the lung) and in the long term (post thrombotic syndrome-swollen and discoloured leg with or without leg ulceration) if the DVT is diagnosed early and treated aggressively with anticoagulation.”

If DVT is not treated, around one in 10 people will develop a pulmonary embolism. This is a serious condition which can cause chest pain, sudden collapse and/or either gradual or sudden breathlessness.

 

EXERCISE IS KEY FOR RECOVERY

Professor Whiteley says: “People undergoing major surgery nowadays get blood thinners and support stockings to try and reduce the risk of DVT. Physiotherapists also try to mobilise patient as soon as possible after such operations. Many Surgeons today also prefer local anaesthetic procedures so that their patients can “walk in, walk out”, and keep mobile. This new “ambulatory” surgery performed in local anaesthetic clinics dramatically reduces risks of deep vein thrombosis.

Anything that increases the flow of blood in the veins will reduce the risk of clots, and therefore reduce the risk of DVT. Exercise and movement, particularly walking, is so important. Compression stockings, particularly if properly fitted, have been shown to reduce the risk of DVT but this is markedly enhanced by movement of walking. Those who cannot walk or move often require anticoagulation injections or tablets.”

 

THERE ARE MANY WAYS TO PREVENT A DVT

Professor Whiteley says: “Keep hydrated, keep active and mobile – particularly through lots of walking. Treat varicose veins as quickly as possible with an endovenous technique, under local anaesthetic, to reduce risk of DVTs occurring.”

 

Reference: https://www.femalefirst.co.uk/health/10-things-you-should-know-about-dvt-1146974.html

Posted on Leave a comment

Are Veiny Arms Really a Sign You’re Super Fit?

You’ve seen the crazy photo of cyclist Pawel Poljanski’s insane leg veins after his 70-hour Tour de France pump. And the Rock boasts a pretty impressive bicep vein, too. Plus, go to any bodybuilding competition, and you’ll see a whole slew of guys with impressive vascularity as well.

What all these veiny guys have in common is that they are in tremendous shape. But is vascularity really a sign of superb fitness?First, let’s take a look at the reason your veins pop in the first place.

Your arteries carry blood away from your heart to the tissues throughout your body, like your muscles. Your veins—which have thin walls and dilate easily—pump the blood back toward your heart.

“The venous outflow is slower than arterial inflow, causing a back-up of venous blood causing higher pressure in the veins,” says Doug McGuff, M.D., author of Body By Science. That increases pressure causes the veins to “pop” out. That’s the pump you get.

But what you’re doing also plays a role in the pop, too.

“Swelling in the muscles pushes the veins out to the surface,” says Spencer Nadolsky, D.O., author of The Fat Loss Prescription. “Your muscles swell when working out and push the veins closer to the surface of your skin, which makes them more pronounced.”

You probably notice your veins popping more during weight lifting than when you’re simply taking a walk or doing other kinds of light cardio.

In general, higher-rep weight lifting with fast concentric movements—say, the part of a biceps curl when you bring the weight up toward your arm—would trigger the biggest pump, says Dr. Nadolsky.

“High intensity interval work can produce this effect as well,” says Dr. McGuff. “Muscular loading and fatigue drive arterial inflow into the muscle, so exercise that triggers this will produce venous engorgement.”

Okay, so your veins tend to pop when you’re working out, but does how veiny you get actually depend on how fit you are? Well, sort of.

The leaner you are—meaning, the less subcutaneous fat you have covering your muscles—the more pronounced your veins will look, says Dr. Nadolsy.

But it’s not just about being lean: Having low body fat along with upped muscle mass is the magic combination for veins that pop, even when you’re at rest. So in some ways, pronounced veins are an indirect sign of fitness.

 

 

Reference: https://www.menshealth.com/fitness/vascularity-and-fitness-level